How do I partition a root in Ubuntu?

How do I partition a root in Linux?

The standard partitions scheme for most home Linux installs is as follows:

  1. A 12-20 GB partition for the OS, which gets mounted as / (called “root”)
  2. A smaller partition used to augment your RAM, mounted and referred to as swap.
  3. A larger partition for personal use, mounted as /home.

What is the root partition in Ubuntu?

Description: the root partition contains by default all your system files, program settings and documents. Size: minimum is 8 GB. It is recommended to make it at least 15 GB. Warning: your system will be blocked if the root partition is full.

How do I change my root partition?


  1. Mount your destination drive (or partition).
  2. Run the command “gksu gedit” (or use nano or vi).
  3. Edit the file /etc/fstab. Change the UUID or device entry with the mount point / (the root partition) to your new drive. …
  4. Edit the file /boot/grub/menu. lst.

How do I free up space on my Ubuntu root?

Access to server or system with root user or a user with sudo access.

  1. Step 1: Remove APT Cache. Ubuntu keeps a cache of the installed packages which are downloaded or installed earlier even after uninstallation. …
  2. Step 2: Clean Journal Logs. …
  3. Step 3: Clean Up unused Packages. …
  4. Step 4: Remove Old Kernels.

How do I extend a standard partition in Linux?


  1. Unmount the partition: …
  2. Run fdisk disk_name. …
  3. Check the partition number you wish to delete with the p. …
  4. Use the option d to delete a partition. …
  5. Use the option n to create a new partition. …
  6. Check the partition table to ensure that the partitions are created as required using the p option.

How do I allocate more space to my root partition?

3 Answers

  1. Open GParted.
  2. Right click on /dev/sda11 and select Swapoff.
  3. Right click on /dev/sda11 and select Delete.
  4. Click on Apply All Operations.
  5. Open a terminal.
  6. Extend the root partition: sudo resize2fs /dev/sda10.
  7. Go back to GParted.
  8. Open the GParted menu and click on Refresh Devices.

What is the root partition?

A root partition is the isolated area in a Microsoft Hyper-V environment where the hypervisor runs. The root partition is the first one created; it starts the hypervisor and can access devices and memory directly. … The child partitions are where virtualized operating systems (Guest OS) and applications run.

Does Ubuntu need a boot partition?

At times, there will be no separate boot partition (/boot) on your Ubuntu operating system as the boot partition is not really mandatory. … So when you choose Erase Everything and Install Ubuntu option in the Ubuntu installer, most of the time, everything is installed in a single partition (the root partition /).

How do I reduce root partition in Linux?

This is the order that you will likely want to follow:

  1. Backup all your data.
  2. Boot into live environment and start GParted.
  3. Shrink the root partition to whatever size.
  4. Expand the home partition to fill in the space.
  5. Apply changes.
  6. Reboot.

How do I copy my boot partition to another drive?

To move the boot partition to new disk:

  1. Download, install and run EaseUS Disk Copy on your PC.
  2. Select the destination disk.
  3. Click OK to confirm if the program asks to erase data on the destination disk.
  4. Check and edit the disk layout.
  5. Click Proceed to start the hard drive cloning process.

How can I extend an existing file system partition without destroying data?

3 Answers

  1. Make sure you have backups!
  2. Resize the extended partition to fill the new upper sector limit. Use fdisk for this. Be careful! …
  3. Enrol a new LVM partition in the root volume group. Create a new Linux LVM partition in the extended space, allow it to consume remaining disk space.

How do I fix low disk space on filesystem root?

Best Answer

  1. Check how much space /root uses. …
  2. Check how much space /tmp uses. …
  3. Check other folders such as /opt , and check if you put any large files there or if there are any large files that do not belong to a package. …
  4. Run sudo apt-get clean . …
  5. Reduce the size of the reserved space on /dev/sdb6 .

How do I manage disk space in Ubuntu?

Free Up Hard disk space in Ubuntu

  1. Delete Cached Package Files. Every time you install some apps or even system updates, the package manager downloads and then caches them before installing them, just in case they need to be installed again. …
  2. Delete Old Linux Kernels. …
  3. Use Stacer – GUI based System Optimizer.
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