What is shared memory segment in Linux?

A shared memory is an extra piece of memory that is attached to some address spaces for their owners to use. As a result, all of these processes share the same memory segment and have access to it.

What is a shared memory segment?

A shared segment can be attached multiple times by the same process. A shared memory segment is described by a control structure with a unique ID that points to an area of physical memory. The identifier of the segment is called the shmid.

What is the use of shared memory in Linux?

Shared memory is an efficient means of passing data between programs. Depending on context, programs may run on a single processor or on multiple separate processors. Using memory for communication inside a single program, e.g. among its multiple threads, is also referred to as shared memory.

Where is shared memory in Linux?

Accessing shared memory objects via the filesystem On Linux, shared memory objects are created in a (tmpfs(5)) virtual filesystem, normally mounted under /dev/shm. Since kernel 2.6. 19, Linux supports the use of access control lists (ACLs) to control the permissions of objects in the virtual filesystem.

What is shared memory?

Shared memory is a technology that enables computer programs to simultaneously share memory resources for higher performance and fewer redundant data copies. Shared system memory can run on single processor systems, parallel multiprocessors, or clustered microprocessors.

Which is the example of shared memory?

In computer programming, shared memory is a method by which program processes can exchange data more quickly than by reading and writing using the regular operating system services. For example, a client process may have data to pass to a server process that the server process is to modify and return to the client.

How do I create a shared memory segment?

Creating a shared memory segment with the shmat subroutine

  1. Create a key to uniquely identify the shared segment. …
  2. Either: …
  3. Attach the shared segment to the process with the shmat subroutine. …
  4. Work with the data in the segment using the template structure.
  5. Detach from the segment using the shmdt subroutine:

What is the main function of shared memory?

Main function of shared memory is to do inter process communication. The all communication process in a shared memory is done by the Shared memory. Shared memory is a accessed by multiple programs. We can access so many programs in our computer and Operating system is done with the help of Shared Memory.

How do I use shared memory?

Steps : Use ftok to convert a pathname and a project identifier to a System V IPC key. Use shmget which allocates a shared memory segment. Use shmat to attache the shared memory segment identified by shmid to the address space of the calling process.

How do you control shared memory segments in Linux?

Shared Memory

  1. Create the shared memory segment or use an already created shared memory segment (shmget())
  2. Attach the process to the already created shared memory segment (shmat())
  3. Detach the process from the already attached shared memory segment (shmdt())
  4. Control operations on the shared memory segment (shmctl())

How do I remove shared memory in Linux?


  1. To remove the shared memory segment associated with SharedMemoryID 18602, enter: ipcrm –m 18602.
  2. To remove the message queue that was created with a key of 0xC1C2C3C3, enter: ipcrm –Q 0xC1C2C3C4.
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