Question: What Does The Find Command Do In Linux?

find command in Linux with examples.

The find command in UNIX is a command line utility for walking a file hierarchy.

It can be used to find files and directories and perform subsequent operations on them.

It supports searching by file, folder, name, creation date, modification date, owner and permissions.

What is the function of find command?

Search for files in a directory hierarchy

How do I find a file in Linux terminal?

To find files in Linux terminal, do the following.

  • Open your favorite terminal app.
  • Type the following command: find /path/to/folder/ -iname *file_name_portion*
  • If you need to find only files or only folders, add the option -type f for files or -type d for directories.

How do I search for a word in Linux command line?

To search /etc/passwd file for the user harry, enter the following command. If you want to search for a word, and avoid matching substrings use ‘-w ‘option. Just doing a normal search will show all the lines. The following example is the regular grep where it is searching for “is”.

How do I find the path in Linux?

To find the absolute path of command in Linux/Unix system, we use which command. Note: The echo $PATH command will show the directory path. The which command, locate the command from these directories. Example : In this example,we will find the absolute path of useradd command.

How do I use find in Linux?

Here are ten simple locate commands to set you up in becoming more productive with your Linux machine.

  1. Using locate Command.
  2. Limit Search Queries to a Specific Number.
  3. Display The Number of Matching Entries.
  4. Ignore Case Sensitive Locate Outputs.
  5. Refresh mlocate Database.
  6. Display Only Files Present in Your System.

How do I find previous commands in Linux?

Give it a try: in the terminal, hold down Ctrl and press R to invoke “reverse-i-search.” Type a letter – like s – and you’ll get a match for the most recent command in your history that starts with s. Keep typing to narrow your match. When you hit the jackpot, press Enter to execute the suggested command.

How do I find a folder in Linux?

The 10 Most Important Linux Commands

  • ls. The ls command – the list command – functions in the Linux terminal to show all of the major directories filed under a given file system.
  • cd. The cd command – change directory – will allow the user to change between file directories.
  • mv.
  • man.
  • mkdir.
  • rmdir.
  • touch.
  • rm.

How do I find a file in Ubuntu?

Use the Locate command

  1. Debian and Ubuntu sudo apt-get install locate.
  2. CentOS yum install locate.
  3. Prepare locate command for first use. To update the mlocate.db database before first use, run: sudo updatedb. To use locate, open a terminal and type locate followed by the file name you are looking for.

How do I find a file in command prompt?


  • From the Start menu, choose All Programs→Accessories→Command Prompt.
  • Type CD and press Enter.
  • Type DIR and a space.
  • Type the name of the file you’re looking for.
  • Type another space and then /S, a space, and /P.
  • Press the Enter key.
  • Peruse the screen full of results.

How do I search for a specific word in VI Linux?

Searching and Replacing in vi

  1. vi hairyspider. For starters, access vi and a specific file.
  2. /spider. Enter command mode, then type / followed by the text you’re looking for.
  3. Press to find the first occurrence of the term. Type n to find the next one.

What command is used to check the current users?

whoami command is used to print the loggedin user name. who am i command will display the logged-in user name and current tty details.

Who command in Linux?

The basic who command with no command-line arguments shows the names of users that are currently logged in, and depending on which Unix/Linux system you are using, may also show the terminal they’re logged in on, and the time they logged in.

Where is command in Linux?

Linux whereis command. The whereis command lets users locate binary, source, and manual page files for a command.

What is the difference between find and locate command in Linux?

locate uses a previously built database (command updatedb ). Is much faster, but uses an ‘older’ database and searches only names or parts of them. In any case, man find and man locate will help you further. Both the locate and find commands will find a file, but they work in quite different ways.

How install Locate command CentOS?

To install mlocate, use the YUM or APT package manager as per your Linux distribution as shown. After installing mlocate, you need to update the updatedb, which is used by locate command as root user with the sudo command, otherwise you will get an error.

How do I find command history in Linux?

How To Search Shell Command History

  • Shell history search command. Type history at a shell prompt:
  • Emacs Line-Edit Mode Command History Searching. To get previous command containing string, hit [CTRL]+[r] followed by search string:
  • fc command. fc stands for either “find command” or “fix command.
  • Delete command history.

What is history command in Linux?

Linux fc and history commands. In the bash shell, the fc built-in command lists, edits, or re-executes commands previously entered to a shell. The history built-in command allows you to use words from previous command lines in the command line you are typing.

How do I delete a specific command from history in Linux?

To remove a single line from the history file, use the -d option. For example, if you want to clear a command where you entered clear-text password as in the scenario above, find the line number in the history file and run this command.

How do I go back in command prompt?

To go back up a directory:

  1. To go up one level, type cd ..\
  2. To go up two levels, type cd ..\..\

How do I see hidden files in Linux?

To view hidden files, run the ls command with the -a flag which enables viewing of all files in a directory or -al flag for long listing. From a GUI file manager, go to View and check the option Show Hidden Files to view hidden files or directories.

How do I edit a file in Linux?

Edit the file with vim:

  • Open the file in vim with the command “vim”.
  • Type “/” and then the name of the value you would like to edit and press Enter to search for the value in the file.
  • Type “i” to enter insert mode.
  • Modify the value that you would like to change using the arrow keys on your keyboard.

How do I list users in Linux?

Get a List of All Users using the /etc/passwd File

  1. User name.
  2. Encrypted password ( x means that the password is stored in the /etc/shadow file)
  3. User ID number (UID)
  4. User’s group ID number (GID)
  5. Full name of the user (GECOS)
  6. User home directory.
  7. Login shell (defaults to /bin/bash )

What does the last command do in Linux?

last reads from a log file, usually /var/log/wtmp and prints the entries of successful login attempts made by the users in the past. The output is such that the last logged in users entry appears on top. In your case perhaps it went out of notice because of this. You can also use the command lastlog command on Linux.

What is w command in Linux?

The command w on many Unix-like operating systems provides a quick summary of every user logged into a computer, what each user is currently doing, and what load all the activity is imposing on the computer itself. The command is a one-command combination of several other Unix programs: who, uptime, and ps -a.

What is finger command in Linux?

Linux Finger Command to Find User Details. On the Linux operating system, you can simply check the information of any user from remote or local command line interface. That is ‘finger’ command.

What does Uname do in Linux?

The uname Command. The uname command reports basic information about a computer’s software and hardware. When used without any options, uname reports the name, but not the version number, of the kernel (i.e., the core of the operating system).

What does the date command do in Linux?

date command is used to display the system date and time. By default the date command displays the date in the time zone on which unix/linux operating system is configured.You must be the super-user (root) to change the date and time.

Photo in the article by “President of Russia”

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