Question: How To Increase Swap Space In Linux?

Create a Linux Swap File.

Swap is a space on a disk that is used when the amount of physical RAM memory is full.

When a Linux system runs out of RAM, inactive pages are moved from the RAM to the swap space.

Swap space can take the form of either a dedicated swap partition or a swap file.

How do you extend a swap?

How to Extend Swap Space using Swap file in Linux

  • Below are the Steps to extend Swap Space using Swap File in Linux.
  • Step:1 Create a swap file of size 1 GB using below dd Command.
  • Step:2 Secure the swap file with permissions 644.
  • Step:3 Enable the Swap Area on the file (swap_file)
  • Step:4 Add the swap file entry in the fstab file.

How do I enable swap space in Linux?

How to add swap space in linux

  1. adding swap partition. adding swap volume.
  2. Run the fdisk or parted utility to identify disks with sufficient unused (unpartitioned) disk space.
  3. Run the command mkswap against the device/partition created earlier using fdisk/parted.
  4. To check swap usage, you can use any one of the utilities below:
  5. 2. /
  6. top.
  7. vmstat.

How do I increase swap space in RHEL 6?

How to increase swap space on Linux

  • Step 1 : Create the PV. First, create a new Physical Volume using the disk /dev/vxdd.
  • Step 2 : Add PV to existing VG.
  • Step 3 : Extend LV.
  • Step 4 : Format swap space.
  • Step 5 : Add swap in /etc/fstab (optional if already added)
  • Step 6 : Activate VG and LV.
  • Step 7 : Activate the swap space.

Can we increase swap partition size How?

Another way to increase the swap size is to use the GParted partition Editor. In short, you resize the swap partition, then right click on it and choose “Swapon”. You must be able to increase the size of swap partition only if there is an unallocated space present before or after the swap partition.

How do I check swap space?


  1. From your root userid, enter the command “swapon -s”. This will show your allocated swap disk or disks, if any.
  2. Enter the command “free”. This will show both your memory and your swap usage.
  3. In either of the above, look for the used space, compared to the total size.

How can I increase my swap memory?

The basic steps to take are simple:

  • Turn off the existing swap space.
  • Create a new swap partition of the desired size.
  • Reread the partition table.
  • Configure the partition as swap space.
  • Add the new partition/etc/fstab.
  • Turn on swap.

How do I manage swap space in Linux?

While it is used to augment system RAM, usage of swap spaces should be kept to a minimum whenever possible.

  1. Create a swap space. To create a swap space, an administrator need to do three things:
  2. Assign the partition type.
  3. Format the device.
  4. Activate a swap space.
  5. Persistently activate swap space.

Should Swap be primary or logical?

2 Answers. For root and swap you can choose logical or primary your choice but remember you can only have 4 primary partitions on the hard disk after that no more partitions(logical or primary) will be created(i mean you cannot create partitions after that).

How do I view swap files in Linux?

HowTo: Check Swap Usage and Utilization in Linux

  • Option #1: /proc/swaps file. Type the following command to see total and used swap size:
  • Option #2: swapon command. Type the following command to show swap usage summary by device.
  • Option #3: free command. Use the free command as follows:
  • Option #4: vmstat command.
  • Option #5: top/atop/htop command.

How do I clear swap space in Linux?

How to Clear RAM Memory Cache, Buffer and Swap Space on Linux

  1. Clear PageCache only.
  2. Clear dentries and inodes.
  3. Clear PageCache, dentries and inodes.
  4. sync will flush the file system buffer. Command Separated by “;” run sequentially. The shell wait for each command to terminate before executing the next command in the sequence.

How do I add swap space?

Follow the steps below to add swap space on a CentOS 7 system.

  • First, create a file which will be used as swap space:
  • Ensure that only the root user can read and write the swap file:
  • Next, set up a Linux swap area on the file:
  • Run the following command to activate the swap:

How do I increase swap space in Windows 10?

How to increase Page File size or Virtual Memory in Windows 10/8/

  1. Right click on This PC and open Properties.
  2. Select Advanced System Properties.
  3. Click Advanced tab.
  4. Under Performance, click Settings.
  5. Under Performance Options, click Advanced tab.
  6. Here under Virtual memory pane, select Change.
  7. Uncheck Automatically manage paging file size for all drives.
  8. Highlight your system drive.

Do I need swap space?

If you have a RAM of 3GB or higher, Ubuntu will automatically NOT USE the Swap space since it’s more than enough for the OS. Now do you really need a swap partition? You actually don’t have to have swap partition, but it is recommended in case you do use up that much memory in normal operation.

How much swap space do I need?

For more modern systems (>1GB), your swap space should be at a minimum be equal to your physical memory (RAM) size “if you use hibernation”, otherwise you need a minimum of round(sqrt(RAM)) and a maximum of twice the amount of RAM.

Does 8gb RAM need swap space?

If your ram is higher than 1GB, it is usually enough for ubuntu. The “Swap = RAM x2” rule is for old computers with 256 or 128mb of ram. So 1 GB of swap is usually enough for 4GB of RAM. 8 GB would be too much.

How do I change the swap space in Linux?

If you want to add 2GB instead of 1 GB, replace 1G with 2G .

  • Create a file which will be used for swap. sudo fallocate -l 1G /swapfile.
  • Set the correct permissions. Only the root user should be able to write and read the swap file.
  • Set up a Linux swap area.
  • Enable the swap.
  • Verify the swap status.

What is swap space OS?

Swap Space. A computer has sufficient amount of physical memory but most of times we need more so we swap some memory on disk. Virtual memory is a combination of RAM and disk space that running processes can use. Swap space is the portion of virtual memory that is on the hard disk, used when RAM is full.

What happens when swap memory is full?

When the system needs more memory and the RAM is full, inactive pages in the memory will be moved to the swap space. Swap is not a replacement to physical memory, it is just a small portion on hard drive; it must be created during the installation.

How do I increase the swap space on my Raspberry Pi?

Raspberry PI – increase swap size

  1. Stop the swap. sudo dphys-swapfile swapoff.
  2. Modify the size of the swap. As root , edit the file /etc/dphys-swapfile and modify the variable CONF_SWAPSIZE : CONF_SWAPSIZE=1024.
  3. Start the swap. sudo dphys-swapfile swapon.

Does Ubuntu 18.04 Need swap?

Ubuntu 18.04 LTS don’t need an additional Swap partition. Because it uses a Swapfile instead. A Swapfile is a large file which works just like a Swap partition. Otherwise the bootloader may be installed in the wrong hard drive and as a result, you may not be able to boot into your new Ubuntu 18.04 operating system.

What should be the swap space in Linux?

If you go by Red Hat’s suggestion, they recommend a swap size of 20% of RAM for modern systems (i.e. 4GB or higher RAM). CentOS has a different recommendation for the swap partition size. It suggests swap size to be: Twice the size of RAM if RAM is less than 2 GB.

Is swap primary or extended?

With linux, it doesn’t matter whether a partition is primary or extended. Personally I make them all primary, but that depends on how many partitions one has, as a hard drive can only have four primary partitions. If you need an extended partition, swap is probably as good a choice as any other partition.

How many partitions can a hard drive have?

four partitions

Can Linux swap be extended partition?

You can have up to 4 primary-or-extended partitions, and at most one of it may be extended¹. An extended partition is a container for logical partitions¹. Note that Linux doesn’t care whether it’s installed on primary or logical partitions. You could make both your system partition and your swap partition logical.

How do I switch off in Linux?

  • run swapoff -a : this will immediately disable swap.
  • remove any swap entry from /etc/fstab.
  • reboot the system. If the swap is gone, good. If, for some reason, it is still here, you had to remove the swap partition. Repeat steps 1 and 2 and, after that, use fdisk or parted to remove the (now unused) swap partition.
  • reboot.

What is Swap utilization in Linux?

Swap space is a restricted amount of physical memory that is allocated for use by the operating system when available memory has been fully utilized. The amount of swap space you can set for your Linux system may depend on the architecture and kernel version.

What is Swappiness Linux?

Swappiness is the kernel parameter that defines how much (and how often) your Linux kernel will copy RAM contents to swap. This parameter’s default value is “60” and it can take anything from “0” to “100”. The higher the value of the swappiness parameter, the more aggressively your kernel will swap.

How much virtual memory should 8gb RAM have?

Microsoft recommends that you set virtual memory to be no less than 1.5 times and no more than 3 times the amount of RAM on your computer. For power PC owners (like most UE/UC users), you likely have at least 2GB of RAM so your virtual memory can be set up to 6,144 MB (6 GB).

Does Windows use swap space?

While it is possible to use both, a separate partition, as well as a file for swap in Linux, in Windows the pagefile.sys is always being used, but virtual memory can actually be moved to a separate partition. Next, swap is not only used to enhance RAM.

Does virtual memory increase performance?

Virtual memory, also known as the swap file, uses part of your hard drive to effectively expand your RAM, allowing you to run more programs than it could otherwise handle. But a hard drive is much slower than RAM, so it can really hurt performance. (I discuss SSDs below.)

Photo in the article by “Wikimedia Commons”

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