Exekias (Ancient Greek: Ἐξηκίας, Exēkías) was an ancient Greek vase-painter and potter who was active in Athens between roughly 545 BC and 530 BC. Exekias worked mainly in the black-figure technique, which involved the painting of scenes using a clay slip that fired to black, with details created through incision.
Which vase painter utilized the potential of the red-figure technique?
The red-figure technique was invented around 530 B.C., quite possibly by the potter Andokides and his workshop. It gradually replaced the black-figure technique as innovators recognized the possibilities that came with drawing forms, rather than laboriously delineating them with incisions.
Who was in charge of the Periclean Acropolis project?
The Periclean building program
Phidias, an Athenian sculptor, and Ictinus and Callicrates, two famous architects, were responsible for the reconstruction.
What was one of the leading sculptors of the fourth century BCE?
Lysippos (/laɪˈsɪpɒs/; Greek: Λύσιππος) was a Greek sculptor of the 4th century BC. Together with Scopas and Praxiteles, he is considered one of the three greatest sculptors of the Classical Greek era, bringing transition into the Hellenistic period.
Who sacked the Athenian Acropolis in 480 BCE?
The Achaemenid destruction of Athens was accomplished by the Achaemenid Army of Xerxes I during the Second Persian invasion of Greece, and occurred in two phases over a period of two years, in 480-479 BCE.
Did red or black figure pottery come first?
Red-figure pottery. The Red-figure technique was first adopted in Athens in the 6th century BCE. Before this period, the Black-figure pottery technique was prevalently utilized. The technique consisted of a background painted in black slip (instead of the figures) and relief lines were used for details.
What are the two colors of vase painting techniques?
The two most popular techniques of vase decoration were the black-figure technique, so-named because the figures were painted black, and the red-figure technique, in which the figures were left the red color of the clay.
Who destroyed the Acropolis?
After the Ottoman conquest, it was turned into a mosque in the early 1460s. On 26 September 1687, an Ottoman ammunition dump inside the building was ignited by Venetian bombardment during a siege of the Acropolis.
|Destroyed||Partially on 26 September 1687|
|Height||13.72 m (45.0 ft)|
What is the difference between the Parthenon and the Acropolis?
Acropolis is the area the Parthenon sits on.
What’s the difference between Acropolis and the Parthenon? The Acropolis is the high hill in Athens that the Parthenon, an old temple, sits on. … Acropolis is the hill and the Parthenon is the ancient structure.
Where was the most famous Acropolis?
The Acropolis of Athens is one of the most famous ancient archaeological sites in the world. Located on a limestone hill high above Athens, Greece, the Acropolis has been inhabited since prehistoric times.
Who fell in love with a statue?
The Roman poet Ovid, in his Metamorphoses, Book X, relates that Pygmalion, a sculptor, makes an ivory statue representing his ideal of womanhood and then falls in love with his own creation, which he names Galatea; the goddess Venus brings the statue to life in answer to his prayer.
Who founded Hellenism?
The three centuries of Greek history between the death of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. and the rise of Augustus in Rome in 31 B.C.E. are collectively known as the Hellenistic period (1).
What does Contrapposto mean?
Contrapposto, (Italian: “opposite”), in the visual arts, a sculptural scheme, originated by the ancient Greeks, in which the standing human figure is poised such that the weight rests on one leg (called the engaged leg), freeing the other leg, which is bent at the knee.
Did Persia sack Athens?
The Destruction of Athens occurred from 480 BC to 479 BC during the Greco-Persian Wars. Following the Battle of Thermopylae, King Xerxes I of Persia and his 300,000-strong army looted and burned much of central Greece before invading Attica, the home of Athens.
How did Athens fall?
Athens under Macedon (355–322 BC)
In 338 BC the armies of Philip II defeated Athens at the Battle of Chaeronea, effectively limiting Athenian independence.
What year did the Persians sack the Athenian Acropolis?
The Siege of Athens can refer to any of the following battles: Persian sack of Athens (480 BC) – Amid which the Persians besieged a group of holdouts in the Acropolis. Siege of Athens (404 BC) – Last battle in the Peloponnesian War.